Ember.Set Class packages/ember-runtime/lib/system/set.js:28

An unordered collection of objects.

A Set works a bit like an array except that its items are not ordered. You can create a set to efficiently test for membership for an object. You can also iterate through a set just like an array, even accessing objects by index, however there is no guarantee as to their order.

All Sets are observable via the Enumerable Observer API - which works on any enumerable object including both Sets and Arrays.

Creating a Set

You can create a set like you would most objects using new Ember.Set(). Most new sets you create will be empty, but you can also initialize the set with some content by passing an array or other enumerable of objects to the constructor.

Finally, you can pass in an existing set and the set will be copied. You can also create a copy of a set by calling Ember.Set#copy().

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// creates a new empty set
var foundNames = new Ember.Set();

// creates a set with four names in it.
var names = new Ember.Set(["Charles", "Tom", "Juan", "Alex"]); // :P

// creates a copy of the names set.
var namesCopy = new Ember.Set(names);

// same as above.
var anotherNamesCopy = names.copy();

Adding/Removing Objects

You generally add or remove objects from a set using add() or remove(). You can add any type of object including primitives such as numbers, strings, and booleans.

Unlike arrays, objects can only exist one time in a set. If you call add() on a set with the same object multiple times, the object will only be added once. Likewise, calling remove() with the same object multiple times will remove the object the first time and have no effect on future calls until you add the object to the set again.

NOTE: You cannot add/remove null or undefined to a set. Any attempt to do so will be ignored.

In addition to add/remove you can also call push()/pop(). Push behaves just like add() but pop(), unlike remove() will pick an arbitrary object, remove it and return it. This is a good way to use a set as a job queue when you don't care which order the jobs are executed in.

Testing for an Object

To test for an object's presence in a set you simply call Ember.Set#contains().

Observing changes

When using Ember.Set, you can observe the "[]" property to be alerted whenever the content changes. You can also add an enumerable observer to the set to be notified of specific objects that are added and removed from the set. See Ember.Enumerable for more information on enumerables.

This is often unhelpful. If you are filtering sets of objects, for instance, it is very inefficient to re-filter all of the items each time the set changes. It would be better if you could just adjust the filtered set based on what was changed on the original set. The same issue applies to merging sets, as well.

Other Methods

Ember.Set primary implements other mixin APIs. For a complete reference on the methods you will use with Ember.Set, please consult these mixins. The most useful ones will be Ember.Enumerable and Ember.MutableEnumerable which implement most of the common iterator methods you are used to on Array.

Note that you can also use the Ember.Copyable and Ember.Freezable APIs on Ember.Set as well. Once a set is frozen it can no longer be modified. The benefit of this is that when you call frozenCopy() on it, Ember will avoid making copies of the set. This allows you to write code that can know with certainty when the underlying set data will or will not be modified.

Show:

_scheduledDestroy

private

Invoked by the run loop to actually destroy the object. This is scheduled for execution by the destroy method.

add

(obj) Ember.Set

Adds an object to the set. Only non-null objects can be added to a set and those can only be added once. If the object is already in the set or the passed value is null this method will have no effect.

This is an alias for Ember.MutableEnumerable.addObject().

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var colors = new Ember.Set();
colors.add("blue");     // ["blue"]
colors.add("blue");     // ["blue"]
colors.add("red");      // ["blue", "red"]
colors.add(null);       // ["blue", "red"]
colors.add(undefined);  // ["blue", "red"]

Parameters:

obj Object
The object to add.

Returns:

Ember.Set
The set itself.

addEach

(objects) Ember.Set

Adds each object in the passed enumerable to the set.

This is an alias of Ember.MutableEnumerable.addObjects()

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var colors = new Ember.Set();
colors.addEach(["red", "green", "blue"]);  // ["red", "green", "blue"]

Parameters:

objects Ember.Enumerable
the objects to add.

Returns:

Ember.Set
The set itself.

addEnumerableObserver

(target, opts)

Registers an enumerable observer. Must implement Ember.EnumerableObserver mixin.

Parameters:

target Object
opts Hash

Returns:

this

addObject

(object) Object

Required. You must implement this method to apply this mixin.

Attempts to add the passed object to the receiver if the object is not already present in the collection. If the object is present, this method has no effect.

If the passed object is of a type not supported by the receiver, then this method should raise an exception.

Parameters:

object Object
The object to add to the enumerable.

Returns:

Object
the passed object

addObjects

(objects) Object

Adds each object in the passed enumerable to the receiver.

Parameters:

objects Ember.Enumerable
the objects to add.

Returns:

Object
receiver

any

(callback, target) Boolean

Returns true if the passed function returns true for any item in the enumeration. This corresponds with the some() method in JavaScript 1.6.

The callback method you provide should have the following signature (all parameters are optional):

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function(item, index, enumerable);
  • item is the current item in the iteration.
  • index is the current index in the iteration.
  • enumerable is the enumerable object itself.

It should return the true to include the item in the results, false otherwise.

Note that in addition to a callback, you can also pass an optional target object that will be set as this on the context. This is a good way to give your iterator function access to the current object.

Usage Example:

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if (people.any(isManager)) { Paychecks.addBiggerBonus(); }

Parameters:

callback Function
The callback to execute
target Object
The target object to use

Returns:

Boolean
`true` if the passed function returns `true` for any item

anyBy

(key, value) Boolean deprecated

Parameters:

key String
the property to test
value String
optional value to test against.

Returns:

Boolean
`true` if the passed function returns `true` for any item

clear

Ember.Set

Clears the set. This is useful if you want to reuse an existing set without having to recreate it.

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var colors = new Ember.Set(["red", "green", "blue"]);
colors.length;  // 3
colors.clear();
colors.length;  // 0

Returns:

Ember.Set
An empty Set

compact

Array

Returns a copy of the array with all null and undefined elements removed.

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var arr = ["a", null, "c", undefined];
arr.compact();  // ["a", "c"]

Returns:

Array
the array without null and undefined elements.

contains

(obj) Boolean

Returns true if the passed object can be found in the receiver. The default version will iterate through the enumerable until the object is found. You may want to override this with a more efficient version.

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var arr = ["a", "b", "c"];
arr.contains("a"); // true
arr.contains("z"); // false

Parameters:

obj Object
The object to search for.

Returns:

Boolean
`true` if object is found in enumerable.

copy

(deep) Object

Override to return a copy of the receiver. Default implementation raises an exception.

Parameters:

deep Boolean
if `true`, a deep copy of the object should be made

Returns:

Object
copy of receiver

create

(arguments) static

Creates an instance of a class. Accepts either no arguments, or an object containing values to initialize the newly instantiated object with.

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App.Person = Ember.Object.extend({
  helloWorld: function() {
    alert("Hi, my name is " + this.get('name'));
  }
});

var tom = App.Person.create({
  name: 'Tom Dale'
});

tom.helloWorld(); // alerts "Hi, my name is Tom Dale".

create will call the init function if defined during Ember.AnyObject.extend

If no arguments are passed to create, it will not set values to the new instance during initialization:

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var noName = App.Person.create();
noName.helloWorld(); // alerts undefined

NOTE: For performance reasons, you cannot declare methods or computed properties during create. You should instead declare methods and computed properties when using extend or use the createWithMixins shorthand.

Parameters:

arguments

createWithMixins

(arguments) static

Equivalent to doing extend(arguments).create(). If possible use the normal create method instead.

Parameters:

arguments

destroy

Ember.Object

Destroys an object by setting the isDestroyed flag and removing its metadata, which effectively destroys observers and bindings.

If you try to set a property on a destroyed object, an exception will be raised.

Note that destruction is scheduled for the end of the run loop and does not happen immediately. It will set an isDestroying flag immediately.

Returns:

Ember.Object
receiver

eachComputedProperty

(callback, binding)

Iterate over each computed property for the class, passing its name and any associated metadata (see metaForProperty) to the callback.

Parameters:

callback Function
binding Object

enumerableContentDidChange

(removing, adding)

Invoke this method when the contents of your enumerable has changed. This will notify any observers watching for content changes. If you are implementing an ordered enumerable (such as an array), also pass the start and end values where the content changed so that it can be used to notify range observers.

Parameters:

removing Ember.Enumerable|Number
An enumerable of the objects to be removed or the number of items to be removed.
adding Ember.Enumerable|Number
An enumerable of the objects to be added or the number of items to be added.

enumerableContentWillChange

(removing, adding)

Invoke this method just before the contents of your enumerable will change. You can either omit the parameters completely or pass the objects to be removed or added if available or just a count.

Parameters:

removing Ember.Enumerable|Number
An enumerable of the objects to be removed or the number of items to be removed.
adding Ember.Enumerable|Number
An enumerable of the objects to be added or the number of items to be added.

every

(callback, target) Boolean

Returns true if the passed function returns true for every item in the enumeration. This corresponds with the every() method in JavaScript 1.6.

The callback method you provide should have the following signature (all parameters are optional):

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function(item, index, enumerable);
  • item is the current item in the iteration.
  • index is the current index in the iteration.
  • enumerable is the enumerable object itself.

It should return the true or false.

Note that in addition to a callback, you can also pass an optional target object that will be set as this on the context. This is a good way to give your iterator function access to the current object.

Example Usage:

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if (people.every(isEngineer)) { Paychecks.addBigBonus(); }

Parameters:

callback Function
The callback to execute
target Object
The target object to use

Returns:

Boolean

everyBy

(key, value) Boolean deprecated

Parameters:

key String
the property to test
value String
optional value to test against.

Returns:

Boolean

everyProperty

(key, value) Boolean deprecated

Parameters:

key String
the property to test
value String
optional value to test against.

Returns:

Boolean

extend

(mixins, arguments) static

Creates a new subclass.

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App.Person = Ember.Object.extend({
  say: function(thing) {
    alert(thing);
   }
});

This defines a new subclass of Ember.Object: App.Person. It contains one method: say().

You can also create a subclass from any existing class by calling its extend() method. For example, you might want to create a subclass of Ember's built-in Ember.View class:

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App.PersonView = Ember.View.extend({
  tagName: 'li',
  classNameBindings: ['isAdministrator']
});

When defining a subclass, you can override methods but still access the implementation of your parent class by calling the special _super() method:

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App.Person = Ember.Object.extend({
  say: function(thing) {
    var name = this.get('name');
    alert(name + ' says: ' + thing);
  }
});

App.Soldier = App.Person.extend({
  say: function(thing) {
    this._super(thing + ", sir!");
  },
  march: function(numberOfHours) {
    alert(this.get('name') + ' marches for ' + numberOfHours + ' hours.')
  }
});

var yehuda = App.Soldier.create({
  name: "Yehuda Katz"
});

yehuda.say("Yes");  // alerts "Yehuda Katz says: Yes, sir!"

The create() on line #17 creates an instance of the App.Soldier class. The extend() on line #8 creates a subclass of App.Person. Any instance of the App.Person class will not have the march() method.

You can also pass Mixin classes to add additional properties to the subclass.

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App.Person = Ember.Object.extend({
  say: function(thing) {
    alert(this.get('name') + ' says: ' + thing);
  }
});

App.SingingMixin = Mixin.create({
  sing: function(thing){
    alert(this.get('name') + ' sings: la la la ' + thing);
  }
});

App.BroadwayStar = App.Person.extend(App.SingingMixin, {
  dance: function() {
    alert(this.get('name') + ' dances: tap tap tap tap ');
  }
});

The App.BroadwayStar class contains three methods: say(), sing(), and dance().

Parameters:

mixins Mixin
One or more Mixin classes
arguments Object
Object containing values to use within the new class

filter

(callback, target) Array

Returns an array with all of the items in the enumeration that the passed function returns true for. This method corresponds to filter() defined in JavaScript 1.6.

The callback method you provide should have the following signature (all parameters are optional):

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function(item, index, enumerable);
  • item is the current item in the iteration.
  • index is the current index in the iteration.
  • enumerable is the enumerable object itself.

It should return true to include the item in the results, false otherwise.

Note that in addition to a callback, you can also pass an optional target object that will be set as this on the context. This is a good way to give your iterator function access to the current object.

Parameters:

callback Function
The callback to execute
target Object
The target object to use

Returns:

Array
A filtered array.

filterBy

(key, value) Array

Returns an array with just the items with the matched property. You can pass an optional second argument with the target value. Otherwise this will match any property that evaluates to true.

Parameters:

key String
the property to test
value *
optional value to test against.

Returns:

Array
filtered array

filterProperty

(key, value) Array deprecated

Returns an array with just the items with the matched property. You can pass an optional second argument with the target value. Otherwise this will match any property that evaluates to true.

Parameters:

key String
the property to test
value String
optional value to test against.

Returns:

Array
filtered array

find

(callback, target) Object

Returns the first item in the array for which the callback returns true. This method works similar to the filter() method defined in JavaScript 1.6 except that it will stop working on the array once a match is found.

The callback method you provide should have the following signature (all parameters are optional):

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function(item, index, enumerable);
  • item is the current item in the iteration.
  • index is the current index in the iteration.
  • enumerable is the enumerable object itself.

It should return the true to include the item in the results, false otherwise.

Note that in addition to a callback, you can also pass an optional target object that will be set as this on the context. This is a good way to give your iterator function access to the current object.

Parameters:

callback Function
The callback to execute
target Object
The target object to use

Returns:

Object
Found item or `undefined`.

findBy

(key, value) Object

Returns the first item with a property matching the passed value. You can pass an optional second argument with the target value. Otherwise this will match any property that evaluates to true.

This method works much like the more generic find() method.

Parameters:

key String
the property to test
value String
optional value to test against.

Returns:

Object
found item or `undefined`

findProperty

(key, value) Object deprecated

Returns the first item with a property matching the passed value. You can pass an optional second argument with the target value. Otherwise this will match any property that evaluates to true.

This method works much like the more generic find() method.

Parameters:

key String
the property to test
value String
optional value to test against.

Returns:

Object
found item or `undefined`

forEach

(callback, target) Object

Iterates through the enumerable, calling the passed function on each item. This method corresponds to the forEach() method defined in JavaScript 1.6.

The callback method you provide should have the following signature (all parameters are optional):

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function(item, index, enumerable);
  • item is the current item in the iteration.
  • index is the current index in the iteration.
  • enumerable is the enumerable object itself.

Note that in addition to a callback, you can also pass an optional target object that will be set as this on the context. This is a good way to give your iterator function access to the current object.

Parameters:

callback Function
The callback to execute
target Object
The target object to use

Returns:

Object
receiver

freeze

Object

Freezes the object. Once this method has been called the object should no longer allow any properties to be edited.

Returns:

Object
receiver

frozenCopy

Object

If the object implements Ember.Freezable, then this will return a new copy if the object is not frozen and the receiver if the object is frozen.

Raises an exception if you try to call this method on a object that does not support freezing.

You should use this method whenever you want a copy of a freezable object since a freezable object can simply return itself without actually consuming more memory.

Returns:

Object
copy of receiver or receiver

getEach

(key) Array

Alias for mapBy

Parameters:

key String
name of the property

Returns:

Array
The mapped array.

init

An overridable method called when objects are instantiated. By default, does nothing unless it is overridden during class definition.

Example:

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App.Person = Ember.Object.extend({
  init: function() {
    alert('Name is ' + this.get('name'));
  }
});

var steve = App.Person.create({
  name: "Steve"
});

// alerts 'Name is Steve'.

NOTE: If you do override init for a framework class like Ember.View or Ember.ArrayController, be sure to call this._super() in your init declaration! If you don't, Ember may not have an opportunity to do important setup work, and you'll see strange behavior in your application.

invoke

(methodName, args) Array

Invokes the named method on every object in the receiver that implements it. This method corresponds to the implementation in Prototype 1.6.

Parameters:

methodName String
the name of the method
args Object...
optional arguments to pass as well.

Returns:

Array
return values from calling invoke.

isAny

(key, value) Boolean

Returns true if the passed property resolves to true for any item in the enumerable. This method is often simpler/faster than using a callback.

Parameters:

key String
the property to test
value String
optional value to test against.

Returns:

Boolean
`true` if the passed function returns `true` for any item

isEqual

(obj) Boolean

Returns true if the passed object is also an enumerable that contains the same objects as the receiver.

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var colors = ["red", "green", "blue"],
    same_colors = new Ember.Set(colors);

same_colors.isEqual(colors);               // true
same_colors.isEqual(["purple", "brown"]);  // false

Parameters:

obj Ember.Set
the other object.

Returns:

Boolean

isEvery

(key, value) Boolean

Returns true if the passed property resolves to true for all items in the enumerable. This method is often simpler/faster than using a callback.

Parameters:

key String
the property to test
value String
optional value to test against.

Returns:

Boolean

map

(callback, target) Array

Maps all of the items in the enumeration to another value, returning a new array. This method corresponds to map() defined in JavaScript 1.6.

The callback method you provide should have the following signature (all parameters are optional):

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function(item, index, enumerable);
  • item is the current item in the iteration.
  • index is the current index in the iteration.
  • enumerable is the enumerable object itself.

It should return the mapped value.

Note that in addition to a callback, you can also pass an optional target object that will be set as this on the context. This is a good way to give your iterator function access to the current object.

Parameters:

callback Function
The callback to execute
target Object
The target object to use

Returns:

Array
The mapped array.

mapBy

(key) Array

Similar to map, this specialized function returns the value of the named property on all items in the enumeration.

Parameters:

key String
name of the property

Returns:

Array
The mapped array.

mapProperty

(key) Array deprecated

Similar to map, this specialized function returns the value of the named property on all items in the enumeration.

Parameters:

key String
name of the property

Returns:

Array
The mapped array.

metaForProperty

(key)

In some cases, you may want to annotate computed properties with additional metadata about how they function or what values they operate on. For example, computed property functions may close over variables that are then no longer available for introspection.

You can pass a hash of these values to a computed property like this:

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person: function() {
  var personId = this.get('personId');
  return App.Person.create({ id: personId });
}.property().meta({ type: App.Person })

Once you've done this, you can retrieve the values saved to the computed property from your class like this:

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MyClass.metaForProperty('person');

This will return the original hash that was passed to meta().

Parameters:

key String
property name

nextObject

(index, previousObject, context) Object

Implement this method to make your class enumerable.

This method will be call repeatedly during enumeration. The index value will always begin with 0 and increment monotonically. You don't have to rely on the index value to determine what object to return, but you should always check the value and start from the beginning when you see the requested index is 0.

The previousObject is the object that was returned from the last call to nextObject for the current iteration. This is a useful way to manage iteration if you are tracing a linked list, for example.

Finally the context parameter will always contain a hash you can use as a "scratchpad" to maintain any other state you need in order to iterate properly. The context object is reused and is not reset between iterations so make sure you setup the context with a fresh state whenever the index parameter is 0.

Generally iterators will continue to call nextObject until the index reaches the your current length-1. If you run out of data before this time for some reason, you should simply return undefined.

The default implementation of this method simply looks up the index. This works great on any Array-like objects.

Parameters:

index Number
the current index of the iteration
previousObject Object
the value returned by the last call to `nextObject`.
context Object
a context object you can use to maintain state.

Returns:

Object
the next object in the iteration or undefined

pop

Object

Removes the last element from the set and returns it, or null if it's empty.

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var colors = new Ember.Set(["green", "blue"]);
colors.pop();  // "blue"
colors.pop();  // "green"
colors.pop();  // null

Returns:

Object
The removed object from the set or null.

push

Ember.Set

Inserts the given object on to the end of the set. It returns the set itself.

This is an alias for Ember.MutableEnumerable.addObject().

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var colors = new Ember.Set();
colors.push("red");   // ["red"]
colors.push("green"); // ["red", "green"]
colors.push("blue");  // ["red", "green", "blue"]

Returns:

Ember.Set
The set itself.

reduce

(callback, initialValue, reducerProperty) Object

This will combine the values of the enumerator into a single value. It is a useful way to collect a summary value from an enumeration. This corresponds to the reduce() method defined in JavaScript 1.8.

The callback method you provide should have the following signature (all parameters are optional):

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function(previousValue, item, index, enumerable);
  • previousValue is the value returned by the last call to the iterator.
  • item is the current item in the iteration.
  • index is the current index in the iteration.
  • enumerable is the enumerable object itself.

Return the new cumulative value.

In addition to the callback you can also pass an initialValue. An error will be raised if you do not pass an initial value and the enumerator is empty.

Note that unlike the other methods, this method does not allow you to pass a target object to set as this for the callback. It's part of the spec. Sorry.

Parameters:

callback Function
The callback to execute
initialValue Object
Initial value for the reduce
reducerProperty String
internal use only.

Returns:

Object
The reduced value.

reject

(callback, target) Array

Returns an array with all of the items in the enumeration where the passed function returns false for. This method is the inverse of filter().

The callback method you provide should have the following signature (all parameters are optional):

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function(item, index, enumerable);
  • item is the current item in the iteration.
  • index is the current index in the iteration
  • enumerable is the enumerable object itself.

It should return the a falsey value to include the item in the results.

Note that in addition to a callback, you can also pass an optional target object that will be set as "this" on the context. This is a good way to give your iterator function access to the current object.

Parameters:

callback Function
The callback to execute
target Object
The target object to use

Returns:

Array
A rejected array.

rejectBy

(key, value) Array

Returns an array with the items that do not have truthy values for key. You can pass an optional second argument with the target value. Otherwise this will match any property that evaluates to false.

Parameters:

key String
the property to test
value String
optional value to test against.

Returns:

Array
rejected array

rejectProperty

(key, value) Array deprecated

Returns an array with the items that do not have truthy values for key. You can pass an optional second argument with the target value. Otherwise this will match any property that evaluates to false.

Parameters:

key String
the property to test
value String
optional value to test against.

Returns:

Array
rejected array

remove

(obj) Ember.Set

Removes the object from the set if it is found. If you pass a null value or an object that is already not in the set, this method will have no effect. This is an alias for Ember.MutableEnumerable.removeObject().

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var colors = new Ember.Set(["red", "green", "blue"]);
colors.remove("red");     // ["blue", "green"]
colors.remove("purple");  // ["blue", "green"]
colors.remove(null);      // ["blue", "green"]

Parameters:

obj Object
The object to remove

Returns:

Ember.Set
The set itself.

removeEach

(objects) Ember.Set

Removes each object in the passed enumerable to the set.

This is an alias of Ember.MutableEnumerable.removeObjects()

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var colors = new Ember.Set(["red", "green", "blue"]);
colors.removeEach(["red", "blue"]);  //  ["green"]

Parameters:

objects Ember.Enumerable
the objects to remove.

Returns:

Ember.Set
The set itself.

removeEnumerableObserver

(target, opts)

Removes a registered enumerable observer.

Parameters:

target Object
opts Hash

Returns:

this

removeObject

(object) Object

Required. You must implement this method to apply this mixin.

Attempts to remove the passed object from the receiver collection if the object is present in the collection. If the object is not present, this method has no effect.

If the passed object is of a type not supported by the receiver, then this method should raise an exception.

Parameters:

object Object
The object to remove from the enumerable.

Returns:

Object
the passed object

removeObjects

(objects) Object

Removes each object in the passed enumerable from the receiver.

Parameters:

objects Ember.Enumerable
the objects to remove

Returns:

Object
receiver

reopen

Augments a constructor's prototype with additional properties and functions:

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MyObject = Ember.Object.extend({
  name: 'an object'
});

o = MyObject.create();
o.get('name'); // 'an object'

MyObject.reopen({
  say: function(msg){
    console.log(msg);
  }
})

o2 = MyObject.create();
o2.say("hello"); // logs "hello"

o.say("goodbye"); // logs "goodbye"

To add functions and properties to the constructor itself, see reopenClass

reopenClass

Augments a constructor's own properties and functions:

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MyObject = Ember.Object.extend({
  name: 'an object'
});

MyObject.reopenClass({
  canBuild: false
});

MyObject.canBuild; // false
o = MyObject.create();

In other words, this creates static properties and functions for the class. These are only available on the class and not on any instance of that class.

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App.Person = Ember.Object.extend({
  name : "",
  sayHello : function(){
    alert("Hello. My name is " + this.get('name'));
  }
});

App.Person.reopenClass({
  species : "Homo sapiens",
  createPerson: function(newPersonsName){
    return App.Person.create({
      name:newPersonsName
    });
  }
});

var tom = App.Person.create({
  name : "Tom Dale"
});
var yehuda = App.Person.createPerson("Yehuda Katz");

tom.sayHello(); // "Hello. My name is Tom Dale"
yehuda.sayHello(); // "Hello. My name is Yehuda Katz"
alert(App.Person.species); // "Homo sapiens"

Note that species and createPerson are not valid on the tom and yehuda variables. They are only valid on App.Person.

To add functions and properties to instances of a constructor by extending the constructor's prototype see reopen

setEach

(key, value) Object

Sets the value on the named property for each member. This is more efficient than using other methods defined on this helper. If the object implements Ember.Observable, the value will be changed to set(), otherwise it will be set directly. null objects are skipped.

Parameters:

key String
The key to set
value Object
The object to set

Returns:

Object
receiver

shift

Object

Removes the last element from the set and returns it, or null if it's empty.

This is an alias for Ember.Set.pop().

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var colors = new Ember.Set(["green", "blue"]);
colors.shift();  // "blue"
colors.shift();  // "green"
colors.shift();  // null

Returns:

Object
The removed object from the set or null.

some

(callback, target) Boolean deprecated

Returns true if the passed function returns true for any item in the enumeration. This corresponds with the some() method in JavaScript 1.6.

The callback method you provide should have the following signature (all parameters are optional):

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function(item, index, enumerable);
  • item is the current item in the iteration.
  • index is the current index in the iteration.
  • enumerable is the enumerable object itself.

It should return the true to include the item in the results, false otherwise.

Note that in addition to a callback, you can also pass an optional target object that will be set as this on the context. This is a good way to give your iterator function access to the current object.

Usage Example:

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if (people.some(isManager)) { Paychecks.addBiggerBonus(); }

Parameters:

callback Function
The callback to execute
target Object
The target object to use

Returns:

Boolean
`true` if the passed function returns `true` for any item

someProperty

(key, value) Boolean deprecated

Parameters:

key String
the property to test
value String
optional value to test against.

Returns:

Boolean
`true` if the passed function returns `true` for any item

sortBy

(property) Array

Converts the enumerable into an array and sorts by the keys specified in the argument.

You may provide multiple arguments to sort by multiple properties.

Parameters:

property String
name(s) to sort on

Returns:

Array
The sorted array.

toArray

Array

Simply converts the enumerable into a genuine array. The order is not guaranteed. Corresponds to the method implemented by Prototype.

Returns:

Array
the enumerable as an array.

toString

String

Returns a string representation which attempts to provide more information than Javascript's toString typically does, in a generic way for all Ember objects.

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App.Person = Em.Object.extend()
person = App.Person.create()
person.toString() //=> "<App.Person:ember1024>"

If the object's class is not defined on an Ember namespace, it will indicate it is a subclass of the registered superclass:

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Student = App.Person.extend()
student = Student.create()
student.toString() //=> "<(subclass of App.Person):ember1025>"

If the method toStringExtension is defined, its return value will be included in the output.

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App.Teacher = App.Person.extend({
  toStringExtension: function() {
    return this.get('fullName');
  }
});
teacher = App.Teacher.create()
teacher.toString(); //=> "<App.Teacher:ember1026:Tom Dale>"

Returns:

String
string representation

uniq

Ember.Enumerable

Returns a new enumerable that contains only unique values. The default implementation returns an array regardless of the receiver type.

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var arr = ["a", "a", "b", "b"];
arr.uniq();  // ["a", "b"]

Returns:

Ember.Enumerable

unshift

Ember.Set

Inserts the given object on to the end of the set. It returns the set itself.

This is an alias of Ember.Set.push()

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var colors = new Ember.Set();
colors.unshift("red");    // ["red"]
colors.unshift("green");  // ["red", "green"]
colors.unshift("blue");   // ["red", "green", "blue"]

Returns:

Ember.Set
The set itself.

willDestroy

Override to implement teardown.

without

(value) Ember.Enumerable

Returns a new enumerable that excludes the passed value. The default implementation returns an array regardless of the receiver type unless the receiver does not contain the value.

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var arr = ["a", "b", "a", "c"];
arr.without("a");  // ["b", "c"]

Parameters:

value Object

Returns:

Ember.Enumerable
Show:

[]

Array

This property will trigger anytime the enumerable's content changes. You can observe this property to be notified of changes to the enumerables content.

For plain enumerables, this property is read only. Array overrides this method.

Returns:

this

concatenatedProperties

Array

Defines the properties that will be concatenated from the superclass (instead of overridden).

By default, when you extend an Ember class a property defined in the subclass overrides a property with the same name that is defined in the superclass. However, there are some cases where it is preferable to build up a property's value by combining the superclass' property value with the subclass' value. An example of this in use within Ember is the classNames property of Ember.View.

Here is some sample code showing the difference between a concatenated property and a normal one:

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App.BarView = Ember.View.extend({
  someNonConcatenatedProperty: ['bar'],
  classNames: ['bar']
});

App.FooBarView = App.BarView.extend({
  someNonConcatenatedProperty: ['foo'],
  classNames: ['foo']
});

var fooBarView = App.FooBarView.create();
fooBarView.get('someNonConcatenatedProperty'); // ['foo']
fooBarView.get('classNames'); // ['ember-view', 'bar', 'foo']

This behavior extends to object creation as well. Continuing the above example:

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var view = App.FooBarView.create({
  someNonConcatenatedProperty: ['baz'],
  classNames: ['baz']
})
view.get('someNonConcatenatedProperty'); // ['baz']
view.get('classNames'); // ['ember-view', 'bar', 'foo', 'baz']

Adding a single property that is not an array will just add it in the array:

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var view = App.FooBarView.create({
  classNames: 'baz'
})
view.get('classNames'); // ['ember-view', 'bar', 'foo', 'baz']

Using the concatenatedProperties property, we can tell to Ember that mix the content of the properties.

In Ember.View the classNameBindings and attributeBindings properties are also concatenated, in addition to classNames.

This feature is available for you to use throughout the Ember object model, although typical app developers are likely to use it infrequently. Since it changes expectations about behavior of properties, you should properly document its usage in each individual concatenated property (to not mislead your users to think they can override the property in a subclass).

Default: null

firstObject

Object

Helper method returns the first object from a collection. This is usually used by bindings and other parts of the framework to extract a single object if the enumerable contains only one item.

If you override this method, you should implement it so that it will always return the same value each time it is called. If your enumerable contains only one object, this method should always return that object. If your enumerable is empty, this method should return undefined.

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var arr = ["a", "b", "c"];
arr.get('firstObject');  // "a"

var arr = [];
arr.get('firstObject');  // undefined

Returns:

Object
the object or undefined

hasEnumerableObservers

Boolean

Becomes true whenever the array currently has observers watching changes on the array.

isDestroyed

Destroyed object property flag.

if this property is true the observers and bindings were already removed by the effect of calling the destroy() method.

Default: false

isDestroying

Destruction scheduled flag. The destroy() method has been called.

The object stays intact until the end of the run loop at which point the isDestroyed flag is set.

Default: false

isFrozen

Boolean

Set to true when the object is frozen. Use this property to detect whether your object is frozen or not.

lastObject

Object

Helper method returns the last object from a collection. If your enumerable contains only one object, this method should always return that object. If your enumerable is empty, this method should return undefined.

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var arr = ["a", "b", "c"];
arr.get('lastObject');  // "c"

var arr = [];
arr.get('lastObject');  // undefined

Returns:

Object
the last object or undefined

length

number

This property will change as the number of objects in the set changes.

Default: 0